Treći razred

SADRŽAJI PROGRAMA
I. REČENICA
1. Složena rečenica
a) nominalne klauze
They all know that she will come back.
b) relativne klauze
– restriktivne
The lady who/that was here yesterday has gone to London.
I ΄ve lost the book which/ that I bought this morning.
Obratiti pažnju na kontaktne klauze (izostavljanje relativne zamenice u akuzativu).
– nerestriktivne (R)
My friend Bob, who you met yesterday, is coming with us.
v) adverbijalne klauze
– za način i poređenje (R)
He treats me as if I were a child. He runs faster than I do.
– za mesto
Tell me where to sit.
– za vreme
Come as soon as you can.
Pogodbene rečenice
Obnavljanje i utvrđivanje tri tipa pogodbenih rečenica.
II. IMENIČKA GRUPA
1. Član
a) Određeni član u priloškim frazama, sa priloškim superlativom, komparativom proporcije, ispred imena zgrada, institucija
The chair is in the corner. This was the best she could do.
The sooner the better. Is the British Museum open on Monday?
b) Određeni generički član ispred prideva da označi naciju
The Germans lost the war.
v) Nulti član uz geografska imena, titule i u paralelnim strukturama arm in arm, cheek to cheek i dr.
Europe, Wales, Lake Mishigan, London, Greenland, Ben Nevis
He was elected president in 1897. They danced cheek to cheek.
2. Imenice
a) množina imenica
– pluralia tantum – scissors, trousers
– relativni pluralia tantum oblici – arms, glasses, goods, jeans i dr.
– sinkretizam jednine i množine – means, series, species i dr.
There has been an interesting series of concerts recently.
There were several series of lectures at the university last year.
– nebrojive imenice u funkciji brojivih imenica
Two coffees, please.
b) Zbirne imenice
– sa glagolom u množini – people, cattle, police i dr.
There were a lot of people at the meeting. The cattle are grazing.
– sa glagolom u jednini i množini – family, team i dr.
My family is a large one. My family are living in different parts of the country.
v) konverzija imenica/glagol
3. Zamenički oblici
a) Zamenice – Bezlična upotreba ličnih zamenica množine (we, you, they)
They say she left him a few years ago.
– Opšta lična zamenica ONE
One neverknows what may happen next.
– Neodređene zamenice (some, somebody, someome, something; any, anyone, anybody, anything)
Someone is knocking at the door. There was something very pleasing in her eyes. Did you see anybody there?
Can I get some juice? – Sorry, there isn΄t any.
4. Pridevi/adjektivali
a) Obnoviti poređenje prideva
b) Participi
kao adjektivali
the stolen money, the wounded soldier i dr.
v) u nominalnoj funkciji
The accused stood up.
5. Brojevi
Označavanje nule u različitim kontekstima:
– u aritmetici: nought/naught, zero
– u sportu: nil/nothing: love u tenisu
– O (u brojevima telefona, soba i dr.).
III. GLAGOLSKA GRUPA
1. Glagoli
a) Vreme i aspekt glagola – obnavljanje
b) The Present Perfect Tense sa značenjem budućnosti
When he has finished the work he΄ll go to England.
v) The Future Perfect Tense (P)
I shall have finished the work by the time you come.
g) Nepotpuni glagoli
– sa infinitivom perfekta
He ought to have come earlier. It must have been nine o΄clock when he came.
d) konstrukcije sa WOULD/USED TO za izražavanje radnje koja se ponavljala u prošlosti
When we were children we would/used to go skating every winter.
đ) Gerund
– posle izraza
It΄s no use (crying).
I can΄t help (crying).
– posle glagola continue, go on, prefer, avoid i dr.
People should avoid hurting each other. She prefers reading to going out.
e) Objekat sa infinitivom (R)
They want him to be an engineer.
ž) Dvočlani glagoli (frazalni i predloški)
drink up, give in, bring over, refer to i dr.
2. Prilozi – konverzija priloga i prideva
a) Konverzija
early, fast, pretty i dr.
This is a fast car. He runs fast.
b) Prilozi izvedeni sa -ly, uz promenu značenja
He works hard. He hardly works at all.
IV. TVORBA REČI
Prefiksi i sufiksi za tvorbu imenica
co-, dis-, in-, mis-, over-; -dom, -ness, -ful, -ment, -tion, -th
V. FONOLOGIJA
Pomeranje akcenta pri promeni vrste reči (PERmit, perMIT)
VI. LEKSIKOLOGIJA
Idiomi i fraze
VII. LEKSIKOGRAFIJA
Struktura i korišćenje rečnika sinonima i stručnih rečnika.

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